Scandinavian disability policy : From deinstitutionalisation to non-discrimination and beyond

​This article discusses recent significant moves in disability policy in two Scandinavian countries, Norway and Sweden. The aim is to outline the Scandinavian twist on ongoing international developments. The analyses are limited to two major reforms: (i) the shift towards community living and full deinstitutionalisation in the 1990s, and (ii) the introduction of social regulation as part of the disability policy system in the first decade after 2000, particularly legislation on non-discrimination and accessibility. Changes during the reform years and beyond are discussed, and current challenges regarding the two significant moves are outlined.