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«Barnehagen som et miljø for integrering og inkludering»


​Det er tittelen (oversatt fra engelsk) på Kris Kalkmans doktoravhandling.

21.03.2017 14:20   |   Ole Einar Marken


​Kris Kalkman disputerte 16. mars 2017. Med en rykende fersk ph.d.-grad i havn, fortsetter nå Kalkman å forske ved avdelingen Mangfold og inkludering.

Avhandlingen har undertittelen "Newcomer Migrant Girls’ Sociocultural Transitions and Negotiations of Identity, Home and Belonging", og drøfter barnehagen som arena for integrering av jenter som har kommet til Norge fra andre land.

Her er Kalkmans eget sammendrag, på engelsk:
Day Care as an Integrational and Inclusive Environment
— Newcomer Migrant Girls’ Sociocultural Transitions and Negotiations of Identity, Home and Belonging
At an overall level, this thesis positions itself within the tradition of social work, addressing day care as an integrational and environment for newcomer migrant girls. The research approach is anchored within the interpretivist/constructionist research paradigm and in line with the underlying principles of the sociology of childhood.

Inspired by social and structural theory, as represented within and through the sociology of childhood, this thesis asks: What facilitates newcomer migrant girls’ integration and inclusion in everyday social reality in day care? Setting scope on the everyday lives of two newcomer migrant girls (4 years old) in a Norwegian day care institution, the girls have been observed and interacted with over a nine-month period.

Participatory observation and participatory methods are combined with open video observation for documenting and investigating the girls’ everyday sociocultural transitions. The overarching aim of this thesis is to contribute to the early childhood migration discourse, using its findings as a means to strengthen the care environment for newcomer migrant children and building respect for childhood diversity.

The four articles written for and presented within the thesis address the intersection between what facilitated the girls’ integration and inclusion in everyday social reality by highlighting how equal opportunities for integration and inclusion depended on not only the girls’ ability to negotiate identity, home and belonging with both peers and practitioners, but also receiving opportunities to do so.

The contributions of the thesis are a set of considerations viewing newcomer children as active social agents within their transitioning processes in day care, understanding day care to be a social sphere consisting of multiple fields characterised by social struggle.

The thesis underscores how newcomer children are integrated into day care peer communities yet are required to negotiate their inclusion through actively positioning themselves—and others—in such ways that they achieve status. Having negotiated a status such as that of an insider, they then can actively begin to construct and re-construct their cultural identity, re-establishing the relational dimensions of home and belonging.


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